Aim for the highest mark possible!
Your FIRST step to success is TIME MANAGEMENT through proper planning. You need to schedule your activities to include time for studying, assignments, sports or hobbies, and your family and friends.
TIME MANAGEMENT = PLANNING = PREPERATION = SUCCESS
Your SECOND step is to consider HOW TO STUDY.
PLANNING = PREPARATION = SUCCESS
Your THIRD step is preparing yourself for EFFECTIVE EXAMINATION WRITING.
PREPARATION = SUCCESS
NOW, LETS START WITH THE THREE STEPS:
STEP 1 TIME MANAGEMENT
Plan to study daily, starting today:
Draw up a special study schedule.
50-minute study blocks and 10-minute breaks work well.
Select fixed study-times for every day (including a time slot over weekends).
Use the long June-July school holidays wisely.
Study for at least 3 hours a day in the holidays.
Study skills and strategies become study habits only if they are practised regularly.
Break up topics into manageable sections. Estimate the time needed, and then double it!
STEP 2 HOW TO STUDY
Decide when you work best, e.g. early morning, afternoons, evenings.
Where do you like to work? Home? Library? School? Community centre?
Where can you work undisturbed? Set up a place for your studying table, chair, uncluttered work space, good lighting.
Do you work well with others? Do you have a friend who could be your study buddy?
How do you best remember information? Seeing? Hearing? Through action? People have different preferred learning styles, but use them all.
Make your studying active by using study methods, writing, drawing, summarizing, chanting or teaching your study buddy.
Concentrate fully and try not to allow your mind to wander. This improves with practice.
Avoid last-minute cramming. Mentally prepare to study (RAVES)
Use Relaxation techniques to calm your mind.
Arrange goals and priorities for each study block.
Visualise yourself capable of full concentration.
Emotional words for success: effort, enthusiasm, energy, eagerness
Use positive Self-talk to set a positive attitude. Memory principles
Be selective when you study. Select significant information. You cannot learn every detail. Make your own notes, focusing on what is most important.
Associate new information with what you already know.
Visualise. Try to create stories or movies in your mind.
Recite. Use your own words. Explain the information to a friend/family member. Go back and check for accuracy and additional details.
ABOUT MEMORISING Memorising skills can be learned. There are many different skills you can learn to help you remember information.
Here are some examples:
Cartoons, pictures, labelling
Rhymes and jingles use words that rhyme to help you remember important facts
Word association, key words, flash cards
Creating acronyms: e.g. RICE stands for rest, ice, compression and elevation (What to do when somebody is injured)
Grouping or categorising organize the information into logical clusters Memory Use it or lose it!
Memory strategies require practice and discipline.
Memory Tip 1 Pay attention and listen carefully in class.
Make sure you understand the content and concepts. If not, ask the teacher questions.
Memory Tip 2 Make effective notes.
In order for information to be stored in long-term memory, it first needs to pass through your short-term or working memory. This stage of memory is limited in the amount of information it can retain. Information you receive in class must be written down or you will forget it.
When revising from your textbooks, seek out the important information and write it down. Organise it logically. Reduce it to key terms or a form that is easy to remember.
Memory Tip 3 Remember these three Rs:
Repeat, Repeat, Repeat
Memory Tip 4 Use mnemonics.
Mnemonics are devices, using arbitrary, easy-toremember associations, to help you remember information. Examples:
sohcahtoa (used in trigonometry to memorize important information about the sine, cosine, and tangent)
roygbiv (the colours of the rainbow in their correct order red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet)
Memory Tip 5 Generate examples.
A very effective way of checking your own understanding is to generate examples of related concepts, situations, relationships, events or case studies. If you cannot do this, it is likely that you do not fully understand this aspect of the syllabus. Ask your teacher for help.
Memory Tip 6 Use visual imagery.
Visualization of a concept, situation, relationship or sequence of events can be a very powerful way to learn. Create stories or movies in your mind, or make your own drawings, stick figures or cartoons.
Memory Tip 7 Make associations.
Make connections between the new information and something familiar to you.
Memory Tip 8 Use rehearsal strategies
Practise retrieving information by reciting key ideas, predicting questions, practising problem-solving and testing yourself by using previous exam papers. Applying memory once you have memorized information, rather than just restating that information, you need to be able to use it. You should do the following:
Analyse the information.
Identify exactly what the examination question is asking for.
Make sure that the information is required by the question.
In some cases, apply the information in a context.
In some cases, develop a well-reasoned argument.
Present information logically and coherently.